Hypertension

Hypertension, normally known as as high blood pressure, is a medical issue where a person’s blood pressure is higher than typical levels and there is a significant associated risk of morbidity and death from cardiovascular events. It means higher pressure in the arteries, which are the vessels which carry blood from the beating heart and deliver it to all the tissues and organs of the entire body. Hypertension is not the same as excessive emotional tension, although emotional tension and stress may temporarily escalate blood pressure.

It’s a really common worldwide diseases afflicting humans that’s why it is an essential public wellness concern. Throughout the previous several decades, in depth study, wide-spread patient education, plus a focused effort and hard work on the part of wellness care professionals have achieved lowered mortality and morbidity rates from multiple organ damage coming from years of untreated high blood pressure.

Normal blood pressure is below 120/80 mmHg; blood pressure between 120/80 mmHg and 139/89 mmHg is called pre-hypertension, and a blood pressure of 140/90 mmHg or above is regarded high.

Should you have pre-hypertension, there’s a greater chance that you’ll develop high blood pressure.

A person’s blood pressure, or BP readings, are measured in millimetres of mercury (mmHg) and generally given as 2 numbers. The higher number is your systolic pressure, the pressure created when your heart beats. It’s regarded high if it is regularly over 140. The lower number is your diastolic pressure, which is the constant pressure in your blood vessels when the heart is at rest. It’s regarded high if it is consistently over 90.

Numerous factors can affect blood pressure, including:

How much water and salt you’ve in your entire body;
The condition of your kidneys, nervous system, or blood vessels; and/or,
The levels of different body hormones.

An excessive amount sodium in your diet may lead to high blood pressure.

Hypertension occurs as two major types; the most common of which is essential high blood pressure. This type of high blood pressure is identified by an above typical blood pressure without having a specific trigger. Secondary high blood pressure, however, is the type of high blood pressure where the increased blood pressure is a consequence of an existing medical condition, or there is a specific trigger.

There’s also what is called malignant high blood pressure which is a severe, fulminant form of high blood pressure common to both types.

Family history, race, tension, obesity, a substantial intake of saturated fats or , use of tobacco, sedentary lifestyle, and aging are risk factors for essential high blood pressure.

Secondary high blood pressure might result from renovascular disease; pheochromocytoma; primary hyperaldosteronism; Cushing’s syndrome; thyroid, pituitary, or parathyroid dysfunction; coarctation of the aorta; pregnancy; neurologic disorders; and use of oral contraceptives or other drugs, such as cocaine, epoetin alfa, and cyclosporine.

Generally speaking, you will find no signs and symptoms in high blood pressure. There are times when the following signs and symptoms could occur:

Chest pain
Confusion
Ear noise or buzzing
Irregular heartbeat
Nosebleed
Tiredness
Vision changes
It’s best that should you have a severe headache or any from the signs and symptoms above, see your doctor right away. These might be signs of a complication or dangerously high blood pressure.

[excerpt]An excessive amount sodium in your diet may lead to high blood pressure.[/excerp]