GERD Symptoms – What You Should Know About Gastric Acid Reflux Disease

gerd-symtoms

That stomach ache might be GERD

GERD Heartburn, also known as gastric acid reflux disease, is one of the most common stomach problems in the world which is reported to affect the lives of one third of the total population each day. Although this is such a wide spread problem among all cultures and races, there are many people who still believe that gastric acid reflux is not so common. But they do not realize is that most of the time, people think that the symptoms that they feel is only caused by stress, not a specific disease. That is why it is very important to read about the gastric acid reflux and learn what causes it, the symptoms and how to manage it.

Gastro-esophageal reflux usually is identified at first with a feeling of fullness, followed by some chest pain but usually relieved with burping. The symptoms can develop gradually over time but there are cases where the disease could evolve into a serious condition faster than what is considered normal. Typical symptoms for an “official” classification are heartburn, chest pain, sore throat, and regurgitation with the major symptom that defines gastric acid reflux above all others is heartburn. In some severe cases of GERD, chest pain radiating to the back, neck and jaw have been reported but certainly not that common.

Medications are available to help with the symptoms however if the problem starts to get uncontrollable by medications alone the the treatment of gastric acid reflux is an operation called Endoluminal Gastroplication. In this operation, the problems can be cured by creating a suture close to the LES which is known as the lower esophageal sphincter. Patients are not so heavily sedated in relation to other medical procedures since it is only considered a minor medical operation however, this does not mean that surgery is for everyone who has acid reflux and a good doctor should consider other factors, such as their overall health and religious beliefs of the patient.

Before anyone should contemplate undergoing any surgery, a patient should consider modifying their diet and lifestyle as this can help relive the symptoms and will definitely help to ensure that they will not develop gastric acid reflux again. Days after surgery, patients should eat small, frequent meals instead of stuffing their faces, which is probably the reason for the problem in the first place! One of the things that patients should avoid eating is foods with too much acid such as blueberries, cranberries, corn. For a pretty detailed list of acidic and alkaline foods, reference this chart which could be found here.

Although gastric acid reflux may seem less serious than other stomach problems it should never be pushed aside as being harmless, seeking medical help as soon as possible. If it develops into its worst condition, a person may suffer from extreme stomach pain, uncontrollable coughing, wheezing and constant vomiting. This can get to a point where patients will never go back to their previous lifestyle or diet as the damage has been done and no amount of surgery can help.

Knee Surgery – Knee Joint Replacement

Medical doctors suggest knee replacement operation when knee suffering and loss of function become severe, and drugs and other therapies no longer reduce suffering. Your doctor will make use of X-rays to look at the bones and cartilage in your knee to discover whether they are impaired and to make sure that the pain is not coming from somewhere else.

Even if knee replacement surgery is usually performed on overweight people due to their higher chances of having knee issues, this kind of operation is not suggested to individuals who are very considerably obese for the reason that joint replacements may not be able to handle their weight.

The immediate effect of doing a total knee replacement to a severely overweight person has revealed that obesity was linked to a longer hospital confinement, necessity to use rehabilitation services instead of recuperation at home, and an increased risk of complications. The alterations turn out to be more important as BMI rises, especially to those who are severely overweight because they may experience more issues with their wound, infections, and medial collateral ligament avulsion.

People of both sexes who are overweight are much more likely to have knee replacement surgery and the more overweight they are, the more likely it is. Men who are obese are five times more likely to have a replacement knee and women are four times more likely to have it.

Overweight and obese patients in all age groups represent the highest proportion of recipients for knee replacement surgeries. However, although overweight people are credited for most knee replacements, the more overweight they are, the more prolonged the process is before they can have the surgery. The difference in waiting period is not an issue of discrimination against those who are overweight or obese. According to the specialists, the fast track for knee replacement surgeries tends to cater to patients who pose less chance of complications.

Knee replacement involves surgery to replace the ends of bones in a damaged joint. This surgery creates new joint surfaces. The ends of the damaged thigh and lower leg bones and usually the knee cap are capped with artificial surfaces lined with metal and plastic. Usually, doctors replace the entire surface at the ends of the thigh and lower leg bones. But, it is gradually more common to change the inner knee planes or the outer knee planes, according to the site of the injury. This is referred to as unicompartmental replacement. Those who are first-rate applicants in getting a unicompartmental replacement have greater end results compared to having total joint replacement. Doctors usually secure knee joint components to the bones with cement.

Joint changes caused by osteoarthritis may also stretch and damage the ligaments that connect the thigh bone to the lower leg bone. After surgery, the artificial joint itself and the remaining ligaments around the joint usually provide enough stability so that the damaged ligaments are not a problem.

Doctors most often use local anaesthesia for knee replacement surgery. The preferences for anaesthesia are usually determined on by your surgeon, your health in general, and in some cases on what you choose.